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The Women Who Are First In Worlds history

The history of American women has wholly pioneer women who fought for their rights, they worked hard to be treated equally and made great progress in areas such as science, politics, sports, literature and art. These are just some of the notable accomplishments, not to mention the historians, the people in the United States. What about "first famous" American women reach the next?

The first Accession Convention on Women's Rights in Seneca Falls, New York, 1848
In July 1848 about 240 men and women gathered in New York for a meeting, organizers said, "the condition and the rights of women social, civil and religious to discuss." Per cent of the delegates - 68 women and 32 men signed a statement of sentiment inspired by the Declaration of Independence, stating that women and men who are citizens with were "inalienable right of suffrage." Seneca falls convention marks the beginning of the campaign by female vote.

Wyoming Territory is the first woman to grant the vote in 1869
In 1869 he introduced the territorial legislature Wyoming that "in this area are all women aged 20 resident, may in all elections ... their voice." Although Congress strongly opposes announced, Wyoming women retain their right to vote if the area is a state in the 1890s. In 1924 was elected state voters became the country's first female governor, Nellie Tayloe Ross.

Julia Morgan of California is the first woman admitted at the École de Beaux-Arts in Paris, 1898
Morgan, 26, had already received a bachelor's degree in civil engineering from Berkeley, where he was one of 100 students from across the University (and the only one in engineering). His architecture degree at the Ecole de Beaux-Arts, the world's best architecture school. After his reception, Morgan returned to California. There she became the first woman licensed to practice architecture in the state and an influential champion of the Arts and Crafts movement. Although, California is famous for building "Hearst Castle," an exclusive composite for publisher William Randolph Hearst in San Simeon, Morgan has designed more than 700 buildings in his long career. He died in 1957.

Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic in the United States in 1916
In October 1916, Margaret Sanger, a nurse and women's rights activist, opened the first United States birth control clinic in Brownsville, Brooklyn. Since the state laws prohibit "Comstock" from contraception and the disclosure of information about it was illegal Sanger Clinic; As a result, on October 26, the deputy squad crashed Stadtklinik to arrest his employees and to detect his stock of membranes and condoms. Sanger tried to open the clinic twice again, but forced the police to expel its owner the following month, closing it forever. In 1921, Sanger founded the birth of the American League of Control, the organization that eventually became Planned Parenthood.

Edith Wharton is the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize of 1921
Wharton won the award for his novel The Age of Innocence in the 1920s. Like many of the Wharton books, The Age of Innocence was a critique of the intolerance and hypocrisy of the upper-class New York century. The book has inspired several theater and film adaptations, and the writer Cecily von Ziegesar, he said the model for his popular Gossip Girl series of books was.

Activist Alice Paul proposed the amendment for equal rights for the first time in 1923
For nearly 50 years women's rights activists like Alice Paul have tried for Congress to approve the amendment; Finally, in 1972, they did it. In March of this year, Congress sent the amendment: "Equality of rights before the law should not be denied or abbreviated by the United States or any State on grounds of sex," he says, for ratification. Twenty-two of the required 38 states ratified immediately, but then conservative activists mobilized against it. (The direct language of the ERA all types hidden by sinister threats, said Oblige women to support their men to send women into combat and validate gay marriage.) This campaign against ratification was a success: Y last state of the ERA to ratify. In June 1982, the deadline for ratification was. The change was never approved.

Amelia Earhart is the first woman to cross the Atlantic in a 1928 airplane
After that first voyage across the ocean, which took more than 20 hours, Earhart became a celebrity: She has won numerous awards, has a bestseller on her famous flying ticker-tape Broadway parade, wrote and was editor of Cosmopolitan magazine. In 1937 Earhart attempted the first female pilot to fly around the world and the first pilot of any kind, so to its widest point, to circumnavigate the globe Ecuador. Along with his navigator Fred Noonan, Earhart got hopscotched from Miami to Brazil, Africa, India and Australia. Six weeks after they began their journey, Earhart and Noonan left New Guinea for the United States territory of Howland Iceland, but never arrived. No trace of Earhart, Noonan or his plane was ever found.

Frances Perkins was the first female member of a 1933 presidential cabinet
Perkins, a progressive sociologist and reformer in New York, served as Franklin D. Roosevelt's Secretary of Labor. She kept her work until 1945

The American Professional Baseball League Girl is the first professional baseball league for female players in 1943
Women had been playing decades of professional baseball: since the 1890s, the integrated genre "Bloomer Girls" traversed (in honor of the feminist Amelia Bloomer) teams from across the country, the men's team a challenge for games. However, since they enlarged the smaller leagues, playing facilities for Bloomer girl reduced and the last team was in 1934. But in 1943 many Major League Baseball stars, the military had joined and left concerned about owners and baseball executives That the war game never recovered. The League Baseball Girls All-American Professional has a solution to this problem: to entertain crowded stadiums and fans until the end of the war. For 12 seasons, more than 600 women played by teams in the league, including Racine Belles (Wisconsin), peaches from Rockford (Illinois), Grand Rapids (Michigan) and Fort Wayne Daisies (Indiana). The 1954 AAGPBL dissolved.

The FDA announced approval of "The Pill," the first contraceptive medication of 1960
In October 1959, the pharmaceutical company G. D. Searle applied for a license from the Federal Drug Administration for food and its Enovid drugs for sale, a combination of the hormones estrogen and progesterone, for use as an oral contraceptive. FDA approval was not guaranteed: first, the agency with the idea was unpleasant to allow doctors to prescribe drugs to healthy people; On the other hand the young bureaucrat was the moral and religious objections to the case assigned fixed, unscientific, pill. In spite of everything Enovid was approved for short-term use in October 1960

Janet Guthrie was the first woman on the Indy 500 to drive 1977
Guthrie was an aerospace engineer, training to be an astronaut when he was cut off from the space program because he did his doctorate. They turned to car races and was the first woman for the Daytona 500 and the Indianapolis 500. The mechanical difficulties forced them out of the 1,977 Indy race to qualify, but the following year finished ninth (with a broken wrist) . Helmet and Suit Guthrie was in his first Indy display career at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC

Joan Benoit won the first women's Olympic marathon in 1984
In 1984 Summer Games in Los Angeles, Joan Benoit (now known as Joan Benoit Samuelson) finished the women's first marathon in 2: 24.52. He finished 400 meters before the silver medalist, the Norwegian Grete Waitz.

Kathryn Bigelow became the first woman to win an Oscar for Best Director of 2010
The 2008 US filmmaker Kathryn Bigelow, "The Hurt Locker" won six Oscars on March 7, 2010, including the Academy Award for Best Director and Best Picture. Written by Mark Boal, a former journalist who covered the war in Iraq, the film follows a unit of the platoon's army bomb driving during the dangerous missions and personal demons in Baghdad fighting. Bigelow, whose previous films include "Strange Days" and "Point Break" was the first woman to win the award for Best Director. He defeated the ex-husband, James Cameron, whose science-fiction epic "Avatar" was another supposed leader.

Hillary Clinton is the first female presidential candidate of a major party in 2016
On July 26, 2016, the former first lady, US senator and secretary of state was officially appointed as the Democratic candidate to become the first woman of a major party that power to hold. Clinton had a presidential campaign defeated in 2008 in annex (before losing on the Democratic primary Barack Obama), and fought a strong challenge from Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders in 2016, prior to the conquest of the glass roof of the appointment.

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