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The man who planted a tree and raised a family of forests::::::::::::

As Antonio Vicente bought a piece of land in the state of São Paulo and said he wanted to use it to plant a forest, people called him crazy. It was in 1973, forests were seen by many as an obstacle to progress and profit.
The then military government of Brazil encouraged the rich, extending generously subsidized to invest in modern agricultural techniques, as the generals who govern the local farmers hoped to increase.
But the water or imminent the lack of it, was Vincent's concern when he noted with concern the expansion of animals and industry, the destruction of local forests and population growth and rapid urbanization of the state.

One of the 14 children, Vicente grew up on a farm where his father worked. He had to command the owner to cut down the trees observed, grazed for use in the production of coal and more land to clean cattle. Finally the dry springs farm and never came back.
Maintenance of forests is essential for water supply because trees absorb water at their roots and maintain and help prevent soil erosion. So with some donkeys and a small staff, he worked on his small piece of land - 31 acres of land, herd cattle were razed - and began to regenerate.
"The area was completely destroyed," he says, a painting show, pointing to no-tree country in 1976. "The water supply has almost dried up."

Their neighbors, farmers and dairy farmers were, they used to say: "You are planting stupid trees is a waste of land have no income when it is full of trees, there will be room for cows or crops ... "But what started out as a weekend concert became a full-time life. More than 40 years later, Vincent, now 84 years old, estimates 50,000 trees in his 31-hectare plot in the Serra da Mantiqueira planted.

"If you ask me who I would say everything here, each of them I have planted a seed of my family," he says.

But Vincent is working against the national trend. After several years of gradual decline in deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon, the largest rainforest in the world, the numbers begin to rise again.
Destroyed more than 8,000 hectares of forest between August 2015 and July 2016, equivalent to 135 times greater area than Manhattan, 29% over the previous year and the highest increase since 2008, according to the National Institute for Space Research INPE), and although deforestation levels in 2004 are not even close to their peak, when more than 27,000 hectares have been removed, the uptrend remains an exciting concern.
There are a number of reasons behind the rise, not least, the introduction of the controversial Forest Law of 2012, the amnesty for the owners was that committed illegal deforestation.
"That sends a very wrong signal, impunity people think." If I can get an amnesty, who knows? In a few years, I could still get another one, "says Cristiane Mazzetti, an activist with Greenpeace Amazonia.
He also notes that: "These are good instruments to combat deforestation, the last government of Dilma Rousseff have virtually no accumulated reserves emit indigenous territory."
In her last days in office, Dilma had some reservations, but alarmingly, the politicians of the Caucasus Amazon have Brazil expressed the interest to reduce by 35%, a measure that experts say would open deforestation reserves.

And Brazil, which has suffered an economic and political crisis in recent years, has less monitoring capacity due to budgetary constraints. Attention directs the drama in Brasilia where corruption research threatens unprecedented political establishment.
The Estado Vicente, São Paulo itself has seen some of the worst deforestation in Brazil. São Paulo is responsible for a third of the country's GDP and is the largest economy in South America, where industry and agriculture, two of the largest contributors. For many decades, as the region's economic importance has grown, so has the destruction of the local environment.

In the last 30 years, while Vicente planted his forest, 183,000 hectares of forest in the state of São Paulo were reduced way to agriculture and development to make cities. According to a study carried out by the Atlantic Forest Foundation and INPE Sos, originally covered by Atlantic Forest, 69% of the State of São Paulo, but only 14% of this amount remains until today. Deforestation can be an aggravating factor of a two-year water crisis in the State of São Paulo, which ended in 2016, coupled with an intensive industrial and agricultural production of water in the state and mismanagement of the state enterprise was water.

We are destroying rainforests so fast that it can be gone in 100 years
John Vidal
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Today local government initiatives in the region offer to protect the trees from a small monthly payment to farmers, water supply through planting and care. Today, São Paulo is achieving near zero deforestation. (Although this is, at least in part, because there is so little forest being cut down.)

At the national level, there are signs of reversal. In 2015, Brazil committed 12 million hectares to be planted in 2030 deforested country, as part of the Bonn challenge, a goal that many considered unrealistic.

Much of the deforested land is private property and the owner like Vicente is essential to meet the challenge.
The Alliance for the Restoration of the Amazon, a set of government agencies, NGOs, private sector initiatives and university organizations, was launched in January to meet this monumental challenge and conduct field studies.

"If all of Vincent's example followed, our task would be much easier," says Rodrigo Medeiros, vice president of Conservation International Brazil, one of the organizations in the coalition. "The extent of the restoration we are dealing with here is unprecedented in Brazilian history. Without forests, water, food and a pleasant climate are not possible in principle."
Greenpeace Mazzetti notes, however, that while 1985-1915, while 219,735 hectares of Atlantic Forest in Brazil were regenerated, more 1,887,596 hectares (4,664,351 acres) decreased during the same period.

"Regeneration is a slow process, we now have zero deforestation," he says.

Others joined Vincent in his work. The most famous advocate for reforestation in Brazil lives in the area - the famous photographer and activist Sebastião Salgado, the reforestation with his wife Lélia, about 7000 hectares of rainforest in the 1990s in his childhood home.
In Vicente patch, there are now eight waterfalls. He takes me to his country and passed alongside a waterfall one of the mountain trails down through a lush green forest of the Atlantic rain, stopping to take small sips of cold water with his hands.
The road is absolutely flawless, there are no litter or cigarette butts, with a rich earthy aroma and distant views of the gentle valleys of the Mantiqueira Range, the simple beam sound of the waterfall.

Vicente saw firsthand the devastating effects of massive deforestation. He traveled at a time in Rondônia, now one of the most deforested in Brazil in 1986, during a campaign by the Brazilian government to solve the region, which was revealed as a result of intense deforestation so catastrophic, land was bad results Amazon United.
"The government gave the land for cheap, but the land was useless," he says. "Cut trees people sand and nothing grows down, but after three or four years."

Speaking of his own project in the mountains of Mantiqueira: "I did it for money, I did it because if I die, what will stay here for everyone." He adds: "Crazy people call me no."

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