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The incredible story of International Women's Day

International Women's Day is a celebration around the world in more than 100 countries today, but many Americans have only a vague awareness of the party. This may soon change, when grassroots organizers (including the group behind Women's March in January this year in Washington) to achieve their efforts for women to persuade the world to a "day of action" to join , Including a strike. International Women's Day is approaching, verify its origin in the United States over a century, and to what extent it has been coming ever since.

The controversy clouded the history of International Women's Day. After a common version of the origins of the party was founded in 1907 to mark the 50th anniversary of a protest by women for women in New York to celebrate deposed workers clothing and brutal textiles. But there is a problem with this story: Neither has the 1857 nor the 50th anniversary tribute protesting actually occurred. In fact, research suggested that it emerged in the 1980s that the myth of origin was invented in the 1950s to separate as part of the efforts of the International Women's Day Cold War from its socialist roots.

Temma Kaplan historians the first National Women's Day held in New York in 1909. February 28 official vote (The organizers, members of the Socialist Party of America, would be a Sunday, so that the workers could participate.) Thousands of people have expressed themselves, If at various events on the causes suffragists and socialists connect their goals often disagree. Organizer Leonora O'Reilly and others on the set during the main conference at Murray Hill High School on 34th Street and Third Avenue. But "It is true that a woman's duty is centered on home and motherhood ... [In Brooklyn, writer Charlotte Perkins Gilman said (from" The Yellow Wall-Paper "fame) to the county of Parkside Church] house has the Country means and is not limited to three or four quarters or a city or state. "

The concept of "Women's Day" gripped Europe. On March 19, 1911 (40 years of the Paris Commune, a radical socialist government that ruled in 1871, shortly after France), the first International Women's Day, more than 1 million people for demonstrations attracted held around the world . With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, most attempts stopped for social reform, but women marched and demonstrated for International Women's Day.

A massive demonstration of Russian feminist Alexandra Kollontai took more dramatically, which began on February 23, 1917 (according to the Gregorian calendar Russia on March 8 in the West) proved to be a link in the chain of events, to the abdication LED of the Tsar Nicholas II and the Russian Revolution. After the czar's abdication, he formed the provisional government until a constituent assembly, the first government of a great power was to be chosen in order to give women the right to vote.

In recognition of its importance, Vladimir Lenin, the founder of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Women's Day, said an official holiday in 1911, the Soviet Communists in Spain and China later the party and accepted. (Some time after 1945 the terminology changed, and "Women's Day" was "Women's Day.") Until the mid-1970s, International Women's Day is especially in countries rather socialist.

Recognized in 1975 as International Year of Women, the United Nations General Assembly began celebrating March 8 as International Women's Day. 2014 was held in more than 100 countries and had an official holiday in over 25 years. However, over the years, many International Women's Day celebrations have been received from the political roots of the holidays. In Argentina, for example, it was marketed for sale mostly with men flowers and other gifts for women in their lives. In China, despite the long history with International Women's Day, the country's most recent receptions have focused on beauty events such as fashion shows and shopping. Last year, in a strange tribute, a group of Chinese men of a mountain of rose in dresses and high heels as an attempt to "have difficulty in" being a woman.

Because of its links to socialism and communism, it is perhaps not surprising that International Women's Day was not taking prisoners here in the United States, as it did in other countries. Recently, however, the international digital marketing campaigns for the party out (in the least political way) plus American culture, with corporate support from PepsiCo and other brands. In 2017 is the official theme of the #BeBold Day International Women's Forch was a campaign about its followers call it "to help develop a better job, a world include sex."

Meanwhile, the organizers of the World March of Women and women international women strike planned wonder to go further: Take the day off from paid and unpaid work, give up shopping and wear red in solidarity. Whether their efforts are successful or not, these groups seek to regain International Women's Day, and to return it to their activists of the past, to continue to demand the recognition and rights of women and their work.

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