China's only aircraft carrier has returned home after a long three-week training mission during its combat power, which has been tested and the speculation has risen over the role of the future amid China's growing military ambitions.
The Ministry of Defense said the 60,000-ton Liaoning Eastern Qingdao port on Friday along with its combat group sailed the included destroyer, frigate, a supply ship and anti-submarine vessel.
The ministry quoted the group commander, Konteradmiral Chen Yueqi, the saying que the drill actual fight simulated the close and the possible "all reached the goals for him." China commissioned the company in 2012 and declared it ready for the fight in November, shortly after which they launched their first live fire exercises.
The cruise que Begun on Christmas Day Redbourn him over the Miyako road, south of Okinawa, Japan, and then the Bashi channel Taiwan from the Philippines until it joined the controversial South China Sea que China practically claimed to separate its entirety.
He went home by the Strait of Taiwan in what was seen by many as a menacing message to the independence of the island, inclined President Tsai Ing-wen. The Taiwan Defense Ministry said it was close to the movement of surveillance, but it was the cause of concern.
China and Taiwan split in the middle of the Civil War in 1949, and Beijing has sworn never to abandon its threat of force to recover again, as regards the lost area.
Aircraft and surveillance ships of Japanese and Taiwanese Liaoning carefully monitored during their trip, seen by some as a sign of how China intends to use it to demonstrate its readiness to support its territorial claims with military force.
Liaoning was established in 1990 as the unfinished Varyag for the already extinct Soviet fleet. Buys a shield for China in 1998, she was dragged from the Black Sea to the Chinese port of Dalian Northeast, where she underwent extensive review of her fuselage, radar, electronics and other systems.
Named initially presents itself as an experimental platform and training Liaoning a new level of sophistication in the Chinese military, including ballistic missile submarines and stealth fighter prototype. There is also a fully built model with domestic technology for future Chinese transporter, at least one of which is taken into consideration in construction since, 2015.
However, analysts say the main limitations, both in the design of the carrier and the ability of the Chinese navy to use all their skills.
It is much smaller than the Nimitz class carrier of 100,000 tons of US vehicles and can only 24 fixed wing aircraft, compared to 55 US aircraft carrying, according to a recent report from the Center for Strategic Studies and internationally.
While J-15 fighter Liaoning, a Chinese version of the Su-33 are Russian, very capable them the stealth technology of low fifth-generation fighter observation as the American F-35C is missing.
CSIS says this has made Soviet ship steam turbine plants that poorly designed and poorly maintained, probably limiting it to a typical speed of about 20 knots. This is much slower than the Nimitz-class '30 us, which means it would take more time to hit the target and be less able to evade the threats.
Their plan, therefore, is launched from a ski jumping platform instead of the powerful steam catapults used by US airlines, requiring jets from China to consume more fuel for takeoff and limit them to Loads.
Liaoning pilots and crew are as well less experienced than their American counterparts, although they benefit from the lessons learned by the United States and others in the decades since operators went into surgery, said the CSIS. Other analysts point out that Liaoning still do not seem to be able to launch and recover aircraft at night, a crucial ingredient for combat effectiveness.
The CSIS study concludes that short-term thesis make Liaoning unsuitable for "sustained high-intensity combat operations," at least for now. It is likely to be limited to humanitarian aid and relief operations, training and diplomatic missions and cruises in the South China Sea, affirming Beijing's territorial claims.
Despite this, Liaoning "darstellt in the important step in advancing China's ability to design naval power," the study said.
"Regardless of Liaoning's future capabilities, the ship possesses a degree of political utility as an instrument of naval diplomacy through various operations, regional and global."